On top of that is 21% VAT over the entire fuel price, making the Dutch taxes one of the highest in the world.
In total, taxes account for 68.84% of the total price of petrol and 56.55% of the total price of diesel.
A Nature study has shown that while gasoline taxes have increased in more countries than they have decreased in during the period 2003-2015, the global mean gasoline tax has decreased due to greater consumption in the low tax countries.
In China, fuel tax has been a very contentious issue.
In India, the pricing of fuel varies by state, though central taxes still are part of the pump price of fuel.
Motor fuel is taxed with both a road use tax and a CO Excise and fuel tax are prescribed by European Commission law, and therefore cannot be lower in any EU nation.
In most countries the fuel tax is imposed on fuels which are intended for transportation.
Fuels used to power agricultural vehicles, and/or home heating oil which is similar to diesel are taxed at a different, usually lower rate.
As of 2015, petrol excise tax is EUR0.766 per litre and diesel excise tax is EUR0.482 per litre, while LPG excise tax is EUR0.185 per litre.
The 2007 fuel tax was €0.684 per litre or .5 per gallon.