It is supposed to be the spot where Muhammad made a night ride on a white stallion to heaven with the angel Gabriel. One wonders if the Europeans believed that the Palestinians and Arabs would provide the "final solution".Assyrian Captivity of the Northern Kingdom (721 BC or 722 BCE). Hadrian exiles Jews from Jerusalem and renames it Aelia Capitolina. Palestinian hatred and overconfidence made them leave the land to wait for a victory while the surrounding Arab nations wiped them out.The first revolt ended 3.5 years later in 73 AD when the fortress of Masada was destroyed by the Romans who took the 10,000 soldiers of the tenth legion to build a huge siege ramp just to destroy 900 rebellious Jewish zealots. Each man killed his family, then one killed the rest before killing himself. Hundreds of thousands were killed in the Jewish communities of Cyprus, Cyrene (Libya), Aegipta (Egypt) and Mesopotamia (Syria and Iraq) at war. So that your days and the days of your sons may be multiplied on the land which the Lord swore to your fathers to give them as long as the heavens remain above the earth. Abraham bought this land as a burial site (Genesis 23: 15-20). The cave was used as a burying site (Genesis 23: 1-4, 9; 25:8-10; ; 50:4-13). Under Ottoman rule and previous Arab empires, the land belonged to the state.Pagan temples and the tomb of Pompey were destroyed. The city of Jerusalem was destroyed after the second major revolt (132-135 AD). Judea was renamed Palestine and the land was completely ploughed under. In 306, the capital was moved to Byzantium (Constantinople). After 500 years the Jews rule Jerusalem and Judea for the next 80 years. (Deuteronomy 11: 21) So if there are still heavens above the earth, Israel owns the land no matter how many times God evicts them for disobedience. Abraham sent all his other children to live east of the land of Israel. Only a very small percentage of land was privately owned, while the rest was registered for private use if taxes (tithe) were paid and if it did not lay fallow for three years. 2 million Russian Jews emigrated between 1881-1920. Some are forced to convert to Christianity, some emigrate to Jerusalem and other countries and tens of thousands die. The 1882 assassination of tsar Alexander II is followed by vicious physical attacks (Pogroms) against the Russian Jews.
Herod the Great remodeled the temple from 20 BC - 63 AD. In the 2003 war with Iraq the neighbouring states would not take Palestinian refugees who had been living in Iraq.Abraham's nephew, Lot, became the father of the nation of Moab and Ammonites (Jordan). Esau became the father of the Edomites (Idumeans) who lived in the south east of Israel. The Israelites lived in Egypt until a new Pharoah made them slaves. 13 high priests served in this portable temple over 490 years. The Babylonians breached the walls of the city on Tammuz 17. 300 high priests served over 420 years, most served less than a year. They became refugees in the surrounding nations and their status has been unresolved since.This temple actually existed in two phases according to the Jews. It served for 39-40 years in the desert and 14 years in the Promised Land in Gilgal. A stone structure of the same dimensions replaced the wood, but it used the same furniture and roof for 369 years. After Samuel's death it was set up in Giv'on for 44 years. Tradition states that many died during the Yom Kippur services. Believing that the war against the Jews would be quick, the Arabs encouraged the Palestinians to leave despite the assurances of the Jews. 37,000 were expelled frm Sicily in 1493, then from Portugal and Italy. Ottoman Empire takes Jerusalem back and has to maintain Egyptian reforms. So, ironically, hatred of the Jews returned them to their ancestral homeland of Israel after 2000 years of foreign occupation. They emigrated from Spain and Portugal when 200,000 were expelled during the Spanish Inquisition after the Alahambra decree in 1492.As the promise lingered and Abraham remained childless, he had a son, Ishmael, by the maid of his wife Sarah. Over 600,000 emigrated to Israel, some leaving communities that were 2500 years old.Ishmael became the father of the Arab nations east of Israel. Jacob tricked Esau into giving up the birthright and he became the heir of the promise. When they finally recognized their brother and went back to their father, Israel migrated to Egypt with about 70 members of the tribe as honored guests because Joseph was the governor of Egypt. It was destroyed by Babylon in 586 BC (587 BCE) on Tisha b'Av (9th of Av) by Nebuchadnezzar II (2 Kings 25). Thousands immigrate from Yemen with Operation Magic Carpet. The creation of the state of Israel immediately provoked a war and a Palestinian exodus.First Revolt (66-73 AD) Emperors Vespasian and Titus. Some have been eliminated and the identity of the rest as a people have been lost.The second temple was completely destroyed after the first revolt (70 AD) by general Titus. Standing on a mountain near the southern Dead Sea, God promised Abraham this land as his possession.One third of the global Jewish population was killed, 6 million people including 1.5 million children. On May 14, a permanent homeland was arranged for the Jews and the modern state of Israel was born. peacekeepers from the Sinai peninsula and then blockades the strait of Tiran. During this conflict, they recognize the Messiah whom they pierced, and after repenting they will become a great light to the whole world. The kingdom was a collection of merchant city-states until they were conquered by the Amorites. Then the Hurrians of the Mitanni kingdom controlled Ashur until they were conquered by Adad Nirari I (1310-1281).On May 15, they were attacked by the combined Arab armies of Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq. He then signs a military agreement with king Hussein of Jordan. No negotiations, No reconciliation and No recognition of Israel. Egypt and Syria launch a surprise attack on October 6. On December 20, President Sadat of Egypt goes to Jerusalem to offer peace in exchange for withdrawal from the Sinai peninsula. Israel and PLO sign the Oslo peace accords to negotiate the Palestinian statehood, withdrawal from West Bank and Gaza, but the status of Jerusalem will be determined later. The nation of Israel is the model of the people of God who will live here forever. The future temple will be the people, not a building. Then Hammurabi of Babylon conquered Ashur until they were conquered by the Kassites. Shalmaneser I expanded the kingdom into Hittite territory Neo-Assyrian Kingdom ("911-612 BC").