Agricultural exploitation and the demand for tropical hardwoods have increased the rate of deforestation.Many valuable resources are found, including gold, diamonds, and iron ore. Some Guineans claim that the word arose from an early episode in the European-African encounter. The name came into use among European shippers and map makers in the seventeenth century to refer to the coast of West Africa from Guinea to Benin.The second president, Lansana Conté, changed the official name to the Republic of Guinea.The capital city is Conakry, and the country often is referred to as Guinea-Conakry to distinguish it from other nation-states with the same name. Guinea is located on the west coast of Africa, and is bordered by Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Senegal, and Sierra Leone.
After Guinea gained independence, the first president, Sekou Touré, named the country the People's Revolutionary Republic of Guinea.
An economically influential Lebanese population conducts commerce in the cities.
A tiny group of Korean immigrants operates photo development shops in Conakry. More than thirty languages are spoken, and eight are designated as official national languages: Bassari, Guerzé, Kissi, Koniagui, Maninka, Peul, Susu, and Toma.
This generation has known only the rule of the second president, Conté, who came to power in 1984 and is still in office.
Fifteen percent of the country was born while the first president, Touré, ruled from 1958 to 1984; only 12 percent of the population witnessed colonial rule.